Times gone by does not recur again is obvious and nearly everyone is most likely to believe it devoid of doubt. However, at this time we observed history being recurring every year in Parliament in the matter of two-facedness of all political parties in the milieu of the Women’s Reservation Bill.
Indiabeing a patriarchal society, the status of women has diminished to a great extent in the recent times and this bill was the need of the hour. This bill was essential to be passed for encouraging more women participation in politics and society, anticipated to generate equal prospect among men and women. The issues like female feticide, female infanticide, women’s health and sex ratio ofIndiastartling at 1.06 male per female, it is likely to change the status of women providing equal status to that of man. The bill is also expected to improve the condition of women. Women necessitate a say, and the Bill has assured to bestow them in the field of politics. The Bill is harbinger as a fresh side in Indian Politics, as long as the authority agreed to women candidates is not battered.
The most contentious yet significant Women’s Reservation bill was passed in the upper house of the Parliament after a lot of hue and cry over it. The bill guarantees 33% reservation for women in the gram panchayat and municipal elections having an enduring arrangement to expand this to the parliament and the legislative assemblies. Furthermore, there are certain areas like education or jobs, women get preferential treatment or reservation against their male counterparts. Women are not soliciting for grace and aids. Their role in nation-building surpasses that of men. An International Labour Organisation study confirms that “while women represent 50 percent of the world adult population and a third of the official labour force, they perform nearly two-third of all working hours, receive a tenth of world income and own less than one percent of world property.” Consequently, reservation for women is not a reward but only a candid gratitude of their contribution to social advancement. Women of the nation at present have comprehended their potentials and articulating their views. They are heading big companies, embody the country on a global echelon and now they have a chance to even run the country with the recently passed Women’s Reservation Bill.
A substitute to the Bill advocates amending the Representation of People Act, 1951, to induce political parties to compulsory nomination of women candidates for no less than one-third of the seats on the twinge of trailing acknowledgment. This is politically blemished and not even constitutionally allowable. It will possibly contravene the fundamental rights to shape an association assured under Article 19(1) (c) of the Constitution. The merely acceptable precincts are those in the significance of sovereignty and veracity ofIndiaor public order or morality, and such an amendment would not plunge in these. With the intention to separate, this substitute will not accomplish the purpose at the rear the Amendment Bill, for the reason that albeit a third of women candidates are accommodated via political parties, there is no pledge that the equivalent number will get nominated.
However, whilst it approaches to deciphering the question of gender discrimination it seems like just glancing at the tilt of the iceberg. Gender disparity and prejudice of women still triumphs in diverse parts of the realm and it is still a question mark on this reservation bill whether it can result in a revolutionizing the situation of women in bucolic areas and far-flung villages. Rustic women still persists to visage violence and mortification. Female feotecide is still prevalent in the nation and education and dream still seems to be an implausible reverie for women existing in villages. These concerns can be resolute merely by altering the outlook of people who still mull over women to be inferior. The majority of the women, who are in the dome of politics, have a strong political background. There are probabilities that this reservation might be tainted by the political leaders by letting the women in their families to make their way into the Parliament albeit they are less commendable. It can give rise to certain questions like in a way is not making it more palpable that men and women does not have the equal status by means of the 33% reservation? In order to curtail gender disparity, the reservation should have been 50%. However, nothing man-made can be so faultless yet we can expect it to be near to perfect. This bill is a noteworthy endeavor in the part of the Government for empowering women in India, trying to remove the gender discrimination and elevating the status of women which has been mislaid in the smog of social stigmas.