Right to Education act in India

Right to Education is a widespread prerogative that is recognized as a human right universally. The Part IV of the Indian Constitution provides for Fundamental Rights. Right to Education is incorporated in the Constitution as a fundamental right. Education is the right of every citizen. Illiteracy is a curse for the nation and acts as hindrance for its progress. India along with Pakistan and Nigeria has 27% of world’s out-of-school children as announced by UNESCO’s Education for All global report-2007. As stated by the report 72 countries would not thrive in reducing their adult illiteracy rate by half till 2015 where India is rated at bottom of the list with 70 lakhs children not attending school. The Right to Education Act, 2009, was enacted to eradicated illiteracy from the Nation which is the basis of several social evils in India.



“Education is an ornament in prosperity and a refuge in adversity.”-Aristotle

The 86th Amendment of the Indian Constitution has accorded right to education the equal legal position as the right to life as provided by Article 21A. It is a significant amendment for the citizens of India. The Right to Education Act seeks to give upshot to the amendment. According to the Act, free and compulsory education to all children of India in the six to 14 age group; no child shall be held back, expelled, or required to pass a board examination until completion of elementary education; a child above 6 years of age who has not been admitted in any school or even if admitted, could not complete his or her elementary education, then, he or she shall be admitted in class appropriate to his or her age ;provided that where a child is directly admitted in a class apt for his or her age, then, he or she shall, in order to be at par with others, have a right to receive special training, in such way, and within such time limits, as may be prescribed. It is further provided that a child so admitted to elementary education shall be allowed to free education till completion of elementary education even after 14 years. For the purposes of admission to elementary education, the age of a child shall be determined on the basis of the birth certificate issued in accordance with the provisions of the Births, Deaths and Marriages Registration Act, 1856 or on the basis of such other document, as may be given. No child shall be deprived of admission in a school for lack of age proof. A child who completes elementary education shall be awarded a certificate; there should be a fixed student-teacher ratio which will be applicable to all the States of India except Jammu and Kashmir.

Right to EducationThe Act also provides for 25 % reservation for economically deprived communities in admission to Class 1 in all private schools. Upgrading the quality of education is mandatory. School teachers will need adequate professional degree. If they do not have it within five years they will be at the risk of loosing the job. School infrastructure (where there is problem) to be enhanced in three years, if not so done, recognition may be cancelled; Financial burden will be shared amid state and central government. The Government schools will be managed by school management committees (SMC). The National Commission for Elementary Education shall be constituted to supervise all facet of elementary education together with eminence.

According to this act, also offers mid-day meal programs, provides school uniform for free to all the students, free books are also give to the students. The Government ensures scholarships for meritorious students who are economically deprived encouraging them to excel in studies despite of their bad economic condition.

Right to education is a noteworthy initiative of the Government in trying to bring about a change in the present education system and also helping the economically deprived section of the society to get education. Right to Education Act, 2009 is one of the remarkable legislation enacted in the recent times; however, the question lies on the implementation of the act.

Image Courtesy : https://technoayurveda.wordpress.com/2010/04/01/rte/
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