Nagaland is a vivacious hill state positioned in the North-eastern part of India; it is hemmed in by Myanmar in the East; Assam in the West; Arunachal Pradesh and a part of Assam in the North with Manipur in the south. It is a place rich in cultural heritage and picturesque. God has bestowed his blessings upon the state making it rich in flora and fauna, natural beauty, rivers, hills, sparkling water streams, minerals etc. Nagaland is place of assorted tribal culture. There are about 16 tribes and sub-tribes living in Nagaland. Each of the tribes has their own language, culture, customs, traditions and festivals. The tribes of Nagaland rejoice their festivals with fervor. Majority of the festivals are rooted on cultivation as about 60% of the inhabitants depend on farming. They deem their festivals sacrosanct and so chipping in these festivals is binding. Some of the noteworthy festivals fêted are: Tsukhenyie by the Chakhesangs in January, Mimkut by the Kukis in January, Bushu by the Kacharis in January, Sekrenyi by the Angamis in February, Aoling by the Konyaks in April, Moatsu by the Aos in May, Tuluni by the Sumis in July, Nyaknylum by the Changs in July, Tokhu Emong by the Lothas in November and Yemshe by the Pochurys in October. Traditions and music are vital parts of Nagaland’s tribal culture.
The Hornbill Festival is an incredible effort of Government of Nagaland to sway inter-tribal associations and to bolster cultural heritage of Nagaland. It is held in the first week of December and is organized by the State Directorate of Tourism, Nagaland which demonstrates a merge of culture under one crown. Hornbill Festival is held at NagaHeritageVillage, Kisama which is about 12 km from Kohima. All the tribes of Nagaland take part in this festival. The festival desires to invigorate and shield the affluent ethnicity of Nagaland and exhibits its burlesque and folklores. Nagaland is proficient of offering a rich fare to tourists during this festival.
The Festival is named after the hornbill, the bird that is respected worldwide and which is presented in folklore in most of the state’s tribes. The week long festival unites one and all in Nagaland and people take pleasure in the vibrant feat and also religious ceremonies. Conventional arts which embrace paintings, wood carvings, and sculptures are also put on show. The tourist attractions of the festival include Customary Naga Morungs Exhibition cum sale of Arts and Crafts, Food Stalls, Herbal Medicine Stalls, Flower shows and sales, Cultural Medley-songs and dances, Fashion shows, Beauty Contest, Traditional Archery, Naga wrestling, Indigenous Games, and Musical Concert. This festival is famous all over the world and people from various parts around the globe visits Nagaland during this festival. The hornbill festival attracts a huge number of tourists to the state and that leads to a great hike in the tourism business of Nagaland. This festival is worth watching ; the pleasure of seeing a mix and match of various tribal culture coming together and portraying the some phrase of “Unity in diversity”.