International Relations of India

India has good International relations , with most of the countries , India has formal political associations. India is the second most populous, democratic and fastest growing economic strength in the world. Its size, populace, and tactical location give it a protuberant voice in global affairs, and its budding economic forte, military prowess, and scientific and technical ability give it a supplementary advantage. The Indian government had started sustaining its diplomatic relations even before the Independence. It has been the founder member of many international organizations like United Nations, the Non-Aligned Movement, the Asian Development Bank and the G20 industrial nations. India has also played a significant role in other international establishments like East Asia Summit,World Trade Organization,International Monetary Fund (IMF),and IBSA Dialogue Forum. India is vigorous member of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC).. India has engaged in several UN peacekeeping missions. India now seeks a permanent seat on the UN Security Council.

India’s foreign policy was melodramatically affected in the end of the Cold War, as it did for much of the world. The country now seeks to strengthen its diplomatic and economic ties with the United States, Japan, the European Union, Iran, China, and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations. India is an active member of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC).

Though India is not a part of any major military coalition, it has close strategic and military relationship with most of the major powers. Countries measured to be India’s closest are the Russian Federation , Israel , Afghanistan , France , Nepal , Bhutan and Bangladesh. Russia is the biggest provider of military gears to India, followed by Israel and France. According to some specialists, Israel is set to surpass Russia as India’s major military and strategic partner. The two countries also cooperate widely in the sphere of counter-terrorism and space technology. India also has healthy military relations with numerous other countries, including the United Kingdom, the United States, Japan, Singapore, Brazil, South Africa and Italy.

India has also developed associations with developing countries, like South Africa, Brazil, and Mexico. These countries often signify the welfare of the developing countries through financial forums such as the G8+5, IBSA and WTO. India was one of the standard carriers of the developing world and claimed to speak for assortment of more than 30 other developing nations at the Doha Development Round. India’s “Look East” Policy has aided it to grow greater economic and strategic partnership with Southeast Asian countries, South Korea, Japan, and Taiwan. India also has outgoing relations with the Persian Gulf countries and most members of the African Union.

India with its growing powers has developed bilateral and regional relations with various countries especially with US. A main factor in U.S. interest in South Asia is the continuing tension between India and Pakistan. India is developing its relations with other countries; also trying to make peaceful relations with Pakistan which is its main weakness.

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