Shaheed Chandrashekhar Azad

Chandrashekhar Azad was among the noted revolutionaries of India who fought selflessly for the India’s freedom from the British rule and was the contemporary of Saheed Bhagat Singh. He was born on July 23, 1906 in Badarka village of Unnao district in Uttar Pradesh to Pandit Sitaram Tiwari and Jagarani Devi. He completed his early education Jhabua in Madhya Pradesh and then went to Kashi Vidyapeeth in Benaras to pursue his higher-education in Sanskrit.

Chandrasekhar Azad’s actual name was Chadrasekhar Tiwari but a court incident changed his name to Chandrasekhar Azad. He was among the young revolutionaries of India, who sacrificed their lives for the freedom of their motherland. In the year 1919, the Jalianwala Bagh Massacre had disturbed him profoundly and he actively participated in the non-cooperation movement initiated by Mahatma Gandhi in the year 1921. The calling off of the non-cooperation movement due to the Chauri Chaura incident did stop him from continuing with his revolutionary activities. He was imprisoned during the non-cooperation movement and when the magistrate asked him his name, he said “Azad”, which meant Independence and since then, he assumed the title of Azad and came to be known as Chandrashekhar Azad and also took a vow that he will never be caught alive by the British Cops. He along with his comrades pledged that they will fight till their last breath to make India a free nation from different oppressions that people of India were facing. Azad believed that socialism is the basis and the future of India as it will make the nation free from social and economic tyranny and hardship.

Azad became the mentor of young revolutionaries like Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, Rajguru and Batukeshwar Dutt and together with them formed the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association with the objective of complete freedom of India and follow the socialist ideology for India’s progress. He along with Bhagat Singh and Rajguru planned to rescue the prisoners of the Kakori Train Robbery in 1926 but the mission failed. He was involved in several revolutionary activities was the first among the Indian revolutionaries to make use of arms in the fight for independence against the British rulers. He believed that his religion was to fight for others and that a solider never surrenders his arms. He also actively took part in the movement against Simon Commission and the death of Lala Lajpat Rai shook the Indian revolutionaries and with his comrade Bhagat Singh and Rajgur, Chandrasekhar Azad decided to kill Mr. Scott, who was deemed accountable for the whole incident of lathicharge. However, while in this attempt, they killed assistant superintendent of Police John Poyantz Saunders.

Following the betrayal of the informer, on February 27, 1931 Chandrashekhar Azad went to meet two of his companions namely, Veer Bhadra and Prithvi Raj Azad at Alfred Park, Allahabad for providing a brief on his mission to Russia as the HSRA were planning a revolution in India with the help of the Communists of Russia. However, Veer Bhadra left the place and was behaving in a very strange manner and within fractions of minutes; the British cops arrived at the park and enclosed the park with a task force of cops. The police force all of a sudden started firing on the two of them and asked him to surrender but he fought with them fearlessly and killed three policemen. Unfortunately, he got shot on his legs and seeing no way to escape, he shot himself on the temple and kept his vow of not being caught alive. Prithvi Raj Azad managed to escape promising that he will keep the mission alive.

We, as Indian, should salute the spirit of Chandrasekhar Azad, who was a revolutionary in the true sense and inspired the generations to indulge in the freedom movement of India. Without his sacrifice, India would have not attained freedom from the British rule and his dedication and love for the motherland is appreciable and we should all inculcate within us the qualities of such legends. He will be immortal and his name will always be taken with pride and honour. H

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