Shaheed Rash Behari Bose

Rash Behari Bose was among the greatest Indian revolutionaries of India. He was born on 25th May 1886 in the Subaldaha Village of Burdwan District, West Bengal. He completed his education in Chandannagar, which was under the French rule. The French Revolution of 1789 had left a deep impact on him and he was influenced by both the British culture and French culture, which played a significant role in shaping him.

Rash behari bose

During his college days, he was highly motivated by the revolutionary ideas and Charu Chand, his teacher made a huge impact in his life. He could not complete his studies as he had to work for his living as a clerk, copy holder in press, guardian tutor. Nevertheless, he was not much interested in studies and was more interested in revolutionary ideas that preoccupied his mind. The Bengal Partition in the year 1905 made him jump into the freedom movement of India and got involved in revolutionary activities. He thought that India can attain freedom only with revolution and not by any other means. Rash Behari Bose, along with Jatin Banerjee and Aurobindo Ghosh, headed the public outburst against the Government but owing to a wrong action, they had to elope from Bengal.

In the year 1912, a plan was made to assassinate the Viceroy of India, Lord Charles Hardinge. On 23rd December, 1912, when he reached Chandni Chowk (Delhi), a bomb aimed at Hardinge but unfortunately, it killed a man and 20 other audiences. However, Rash Behari Bose managed to escape, although it was his master-mind. He was also involved in several other conspiracies against British rule as one of the prominent leaders. He was involved in the Ghadar Conspiracy but an informer, informed the police about it and the plan could not be put into action. Several suspects of this conspiracy were arrested but Rash Behari Bose somehow managed to escape again.

Rash Behari left Calcutta and on 12th May 1915 went to Japan and in three years of his stay in Japan, he changed places for about 17 times and remained undercover. He married the daughter of Pan-Asian supporters, who were sympathetic towards Rash Behari’s hard work in the year 1918 and in 1923, he got the citizenship of Japan. With the support and help of Japanese, he continued to support the freedom movement of India and stood by the Indian Nationalists. A conference held in Tokyo on 28th March 1942, where it was decided that the Indian Independence League will be established and Subhash Chandra Bose will be made the President of the League. The Indian prisoners of Japan were encouraged to join the Indian Independence League and the Indian National Army. In 1942, Rash Behari Bose, together with Sardar Pritam Singh and Captain Mohan Singh formed the Indian National Army, which came to be known as the Azad Hind Fauz. On 21st January 1945, Rash Behari Bose was killed before the end of the Second World War.

Rash Behari Bose was a man of immense courage and his effort towards making India a free nation is indeed commendable. He was a revolutionary in the true sense and had contributed remarkably towards the freedom movement of India. He was a great leader and deserves to be remembered and respected.

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