Shaheed Madan Lal Dhingra

Madan Lal Dhingra was among the popular Indian revolutionaries who sacrificed their lives for their motherland. He was born on 18th September 1883 to a rich Hindu family of doctors in Amritsar. His whole family was devoted towards the British Government but he refrained himself from it. He was a patriot by birth and was against the British Rule.

Madan Lal Dhingra was disowned by his family as he was expelled from his college for carrying out revolutionary activity against the British rule. Despite of belonging to a well-to-do family, he worked in factory as labour, in office as clerk, etc. Even there, he tried to form a group of revolutionaries but he was dismissed from his jobs. His elder brother advised him to go to Britain for higher education and he abided by the advice and went to England in 1906. He studied Diploma in Engineering in the University College of London. He was a person who loved to enjoy life and led a happy-go-lucky-life. During his stay in London, he came in touch with Veer Savarkar, the prominent revolutionary of India. He was highly influenced by him and attended every meeting in the India House in London. There he came in contact with other important revolutionaries namely, Kore Gakar, Har Dayal, Gian Chand and Shyamji Krishna Verma. He was more motivated after he attended the lecture of Lala Lajpat Rai on his visit to London. He was closely associated with both Indian Home Rule Society and the Abhinava Bharat Society and these societies made him understand the brutality of British in India and motivated him to get involved in the revolutionary activities.

Madan Lal DhingraHe was highly involved in Indian student’s politics that was carried out in London and India House was the base of it. After the execution of Khudiram Bose and some other revolutionaries, Savarkar, Dhingra and other student members of the group were highly disturbed and this made them make plans to take revenge from the British. During that period, an organization named National Indian Association in London tried to magnetize the Indian youths who went to London for higher education. Miss Emma Josephine Beck was the secretary of the association and Dhingra went to visit the the National Indian Association office in March 1909 and he became friends with Emma Beck. He showed a desire to become a member and was given membership in the next month. After becoming the member, he bought a revolver and Belgian pistol from a private person and started practicing shooting regularly and recorded his practice everyday.

On 1st July 1909, the Association was set to celebrate their annual day and he collected all the information from Miss Emma Josephine Beck and made a plan, which he discussed with Savarkar. To give result to their plan, he left for the party, well dressed and filled his pockets with a revolver, two pistols and two knifes, all set for the mission of killing Lord Curzon. After he reached the party, he spent some time talking to people and finally shot him on his face with five bullets and along with him Cowasji Lalkaka, a Parsee doctor was also killed, while in an attempt to save Lord Curzon. He was immediately arrested and was tried in the Old Bailey Court. However, there were several eyewitness of the incident and following the evidence, he was found accused and his crime was established of killing both Lord Curzon and Cowasji Lalkaka and was given death sentence. He was hanged in London on 17th August 1909.

Mandan Lal Dhingra was a true patriot who sacrificed his life for his motherland and fought bravely for the India’s Independence. His courage and dedication towards the nation is commendable and deserves all the respect. His name will always shine as a martyr and a great young revolutionary of that time.

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