Shaheed Khudiram Bose

Khudiram Bose was one of the youngest revolutionaries who sacrificed his life for the freedom of India. He was born on 3 December 1889 in West Bengal and was the only son after 3 daughters of Trailokyanath Basu and Lakshmipriya Devi. He was brought up by his elder sister Anapurnadevi and wanted him to be highly educated and so he was admitted to a nearby school. Khudiram was not a dull student but he was never interested in studies and his mind was always diverted to the freedom movement. He was a patriot by birth and at a tender age of 8 years, he thought about his nation and disliked the idea of being rule by the British. Since his adolescence, he was known for his courage, bravery and was renowned as a rebel. Khudiram was amongst the teenagers of the town, who attended the sessions held by Sri Aurobindo and Sister Nivedita in the years 1902 and 1903, while their visited Medinipur and delivered several public speeches together with secret planning sessions with the revolutionary groups and these sessions put him on fire with a very strong encouragement to get indulged revolutionary activities.

Khudiram BoseIn 1904, Khudiram joined the Medinipur Collegiate School and from then, he started off with his revolutionary activities. He joined an “akhra”, which was created and supported by few persons who were active in both social and political field and very soon Khudiram become the center of attraction in that group for his unrestrained keenness for social work, his audacious spirit and leadership qualities, and his fineness in physical culture and training. He was influenced by his teacher Satyendranath Bose and preaching of the Bhagavad Gita that actually helped him clinch on to revolutionary activities, which aimed at putting an end to the British rule in India. He was especially disenchanted with the British following the partition of Bengal in 1905 and he joined Jugantar, a party of revolutionary activists.

At the tender age of 16, he planted bombs in the nearby police stations and besieged the government officials. He along with Prafulla Chaki were sent to Motijhil in Muzaffarpur in the state of Bihar by the Jugantar group. They planned attack on Kingsford and after observing Kingsford closely for few days, they wrote a letter to Barindra Kumar Ghosh as they needed money. On the evening of April 30, 1908 they completed their mission and killed Kingsford, who was the Magistrate of Calcutta Presidency and later became the magistrate of Muzaffarpur, Bihar but came to know that it was not him but two ladies. Owing to this incident, Prafulla committed suicide and Khudiram got arrested after three years for bombing in various places, which resulted in death of 3 persons. He was sentenced to death for planting bombs in various places and killing of Government officials. On 11 August 1908, around 6 a.m. in the morning, Khudiram was executed.

Khudiram Bose died at the age of 18 years and his contribution towards the freedom movement is worth mentioning. At such a young age, he dedicated his life for the freedom of the nation and this portrays his immense love for his motherland. A fearless and courageous person, who deserves to be remembered and respected by every Indian.

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