Shaheed Batukeshwar Dutt

Batukeshwar Dutt is a forgotten hero of India’s freedom movement. He was a great revolutionary and was contemporary of Bhagat Singh and Chandrasekhar Azad. He was the born to Gosta Bihari Dutt in the Oari village of Burdwan in the state of U.P. He was a true patriot but was never recognized by the nation.

Batukeshwar-dutt-indian-freedom-fighterBatukeshwar Dutt was trouble by the thought of being enslaved by the Brithish rule and he dedicated himself to free the nation from colonial rule. He was influenced by the revolutionary ideology of having a social-republic nation and this made him join the Hindustan Social Republican Association. There he came in contact with the great revolutionaries of India like Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, Rajguru, Chandrasekhar Azad, etc. He also participated in the non-cooperation movement of India, initiated by Mahatma Gandhi but the calling off of the movement due to the Chauri Chaura incident disturbed him. He was a close associate of Bhagat Singh and Chandrasekhar Azad and worked for the party from Kanpur as his base.

In the year 1928, after killing Saunders, a Deputy Superintendent of Police, Bhagat Singh ran away from Lahore and went to Calcutta to escape from being caught by the police.There, Bhagat Singh along with his comrade Batukeshwar Dutt, started a new branch of their association in Calcutta. During that period,the British government enacted the Defence of India Act to give more power to the police with the objective to fight revolutionaries. Although the Act was defeated in the council by one vote, it was then passed under the ordinance that asserted that it was in the best interest of the public. As protest to this act, the HSRA planned to blast a bomb in the Central Legislative Assembly, the association entrusted Batukeshwar Dutt and Bhagat Singh with the task of bombing and on April 8, 1929, to give result to the task entrusted upon them, they bombed the Legislative Assembly while in session. After they exploded the bomb, they surrendered themselves and were arrested. Bhagat Singh was given the death sentence but Batukeshwar was sentenced to transportation for life.

During the time of imprisonment, he started hunger strike for improved treatment to political prisoners in jails and a few days later, Bhagat Singh was later shifted from Mianwali to Lahore Central Jail where Dutt was already there. They together wrote a letter to the Home Member, Government of India, specifying their demands. Since then, the struggle for improved treatment to political prisoners in jails started. Later Dutt was Sentenced on 12th June 1929 to life imprisonment by the court of session Judge of Delhi under section 307 Indian Penal Code and section 4 of Explosive Act.
He was again transported to the Cellular Jail and even there he carried out in two hunger strikes. He was then sent back in 1937 as he contracted tuberculosis and was finally released from Bankipur jail in the year 1938. After his release due to illness, he also actively took part in the Quit India Movement with Mahatma Gandhi but he was again imprisoned for four more years. He was the sole survivor of the revolutionary group and witnessed India’s Independence. He got married in the year 1947.

However, he was never given recognition for his work and sacrifices for the nation. Thus, after India gained Independence, he separated himself and remained aloof from politics. After suffering from prolonged illness, he died at AIIMS, Delhi in the year 1965. His contribution towards freedom struggle of India remained unrecognized and remained as a forgotten hero. It is the duty of every India to respect him and provide him the recognition that he deserves for his work, dedication and love for the nation.

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