Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose is among the great revolutionaries of India’s freedom struggle. On 23rd January 1897, Netaji was born to a wealthy Bengali family in Cuttack, Orissa. He was the son of Prabhavati Devi and Janakinath Boseand. His father was a renowned public prosecutor of Orissa and later became the member of the Bengal Legislative Council. Being for an affluent family, Netaji received education from prominent institutions such as Scottish Church College, Calcutta and Fitzwilliam College at Cambridge University. He was disturbed after studying about the condition of India and its people under British Rule. In 1916, Netaji supposedly hit and spanked one of his British teachers E F Otten as the professor made a xenophobic comment against the Indian students and as a result, he was debarred from the Presidency College and expelled from Calcutta University. The incident took him in the list of rebel-Indians. He appeared for the Civil service exam with the insistence of his father and secured fourth position in the year 1920.

Subhash Chandra Bose was extremely disturbed with the Jalianwala Bagh Massacre and in the year 1921, he resigned from ICS to join the freedom movement and actively participated in the civil disobedience movement initiated by Mahatma Gandhi. On December 1921, Netaji was arrested and imprisoned for arranging a boycott of the celebrations to mark the Prince of Wales’s visit to India. He soon joined the National Congress and became an active member of the party. He received training from Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das and later Netaji deemed as his political mentor. He proved his leadership quality and was soon elected as the President of Indian National Congress. The Motilal Nehru Committee was formed by the National Congress to acknowledge the support of Domination Status in 1928, however, Jawaharlal Nehru and Subhash Chandra Bose were against it, and they declared that they want absolute independence of India and will not compromise with it in any way.

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose soon declared the formation of his own group with the name of Indian National Army to put an end to British rule in India and was capable of achieving well-known status among Indian people. Netaji was imprisoned during the civil disobedience movement in 1930 and was released in the year 1931, soon after signing Gandhi-Irwin pact. He dissented against the Gandhi-Irwin pact and objected the deferment of Civil Disobedience movement. Netaji was again arrested under the iniquitous Bengal Regulation and was released after a year on medical grounds. Thereafter, he was sent away from India to Europe. He took steps to begin centers in different European capitals with a view to uphold politico-cultural links between India and Europe. He returned to India by defying his exile and was again imprisoned. In the year 1937, when National Congress came into power in seven states, he was released and in 1938, he was elected as the President of the Haripura Congress Session. There he talked about making plans with solid terms and he set up a National planning Committee in October that year. He was re-elected as President again in 1939.

During that time, the second World War has just began and at that time, he came up with a resolution to give the British six months to leave India, failing which there would be a revolution. There was a lot of disagreement to his unbending stand, and he resigned from the post of president and formed a progressive group known as the Forward Block. He decided to take advantage of the World War II, in which Britain also took part as he thought that he will ask Britain for Independence and in return, India will help them in the war. However, the prominent leaders of National Congress disagreed with his idea and he was arrested for his actions against British.

In the year 1941, he ran away to Peshawar in disguise of his arrest. He then went to Russia with an Italian Passport with the hope that they will help him to fight against British but all in vain. Finally, Germany came forward to help him with 4500 soldiers and he established a center of Free India in Berlin but when Hitler attacked Russia, he got the idea that he will not get any help from Germany and with utter disappointment, he left from there and went to Japan with the same hope. In the year 1942, Azad Hind Fauj was founded by Rash Behari Bose and his comrades in Singapore and in 1943, he left Germany and went to Japan. In the same year, he was successful in restructuring the division and increased the number of soldiers to about 85000 soldiers. Azad Hind Fauj was under the support of a provisional government and had its own currency, court, civil code and postage stamps. This provincial government was recognized in Germany, Japan, China and Philippines and a flag of Indian National Army was hoisted in the state of Manipur in India. In July 1944, when Japan and Germany were defeated, the Azad Hind Fauj became the ineffective. He than came up with the popular slogan “Give me blood and I will give you freedom”.

After the suspension of the Azad Hind Fauj, Netaji went to Russia and on the way planned to go to Tokyo but unfortunately, the plane crashed at Taihoku in Taiwan and he died in a local hospital on 18th August 1945. This was an account as per a Japanese Captain Yoshida Taneyoshi. However, no body saw the body and many say that he died in 1977 at Dehradun but the mystery of his death still remains unsolved.

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was a great hero of India’s freedom movement and was a staunch follower of Bhagvad Gita, from where he planned his actions against the British. He always wanted India to be a democratic nation but later he changed his idea and wanted India to be a socialist country. He belived in Secularism and respected all religion. He was great revolutionary, who was capable of changing the thoughts and ideas of people and he will always be remembered and respected by the people of India for his endeavor in making India a free nation.

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