Bipin Chandra Pal – The Father Of Revolutionary Thoughts

Bipin Chandra Pal was among the great revolutionaries of India who along with his comrades fought for India’s Independence. He was born on 7 November 1858, in village Poil in the District of Sylhet, which is now in Bangladesh and came from a well-to-do  Hindu family. His father Ramchandra Pal was a zamindar and also an eminent Persian scholar, despite of the fact that he had no formal education.

Bipin Chandra Pal was a social reformer in the true sense and he married a widow of the higher caste and offerd his consent to the Age of Consent Bill of 1891. At the age of 22, he started the weekly journal Paridaashak. In the year 1901, he published an English weekly by the name of India and in 1906, he started the daily Bande Mataram, where he displayed his protest against the British Government. He also wrote a series of studies on Great Indians such as Keshab Chandra Sen, Raja Ram Mohan Roy,  Sri Aurobindo Ghosh, Annie Besant , Rabindranath Tagore and Ashutosh Mukerjee. Although he acknowledged the positive effect of the British rule, simultaneously he supported India’s federal thoughts. He was a member of the Brahmo Samaj and due to this; he was separated from his family. He fought against the social evils and caste system that prevailed in India during that time. Due to this, he was called as Father of Revolutionary and Mightiest Prophet of Nationalism by Aurobindo.

Bipin Chandra Pal was a teacher, journalist, orator, writer and librarian. Apart from all these, he was one of the three prominent leaders Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Lala Lajpat Rai and the trio was popularly known as “Lal-Bal-Pal”. The trio was involved in revolutionary activities and formed the revolutionary wing of the National Congress. Bipin Chandra Pal came up with several revolutionary actions to send their message across to the British rulers. It was in 1905, when the trio raised against the British Colonial policy during the time of Bengal partition.

He was against secret intimidation supported by Aurobindo and others, the British Government considered him as their great rival and imprisoned him for six months as he denied to provide proof against Aurobindo in the Bande Mataram Sedition Case. After being released from jail, he went to London and was in exile from 1908 to 1911. During the time of exile, Bipin Chandra developed a new political idea which he called the empire-idea. He appealed for reconstitution of the British Empire as a federal union in which India, Britain and all the their colonies would co-operate as equal and free associates. After he returned to India, along with his comrades, he carried out several revolutionary activities and started a newspaper under the name of Hindu review. He also joined the Home Rule Movement of Besant and Tilak and rejoined the Congress in 1916.  Bipin Chandra Pal aimed at making the people aware of the awaiting menace, which political pan-Islamism opened to the future of India and according to him the empire-idea solely could be an efficient solution for this malevolence.

Bipin Chandra Pal thoroughly opposed the non-cooperation movement initiated by Mahatma Gandhi and he was the first one to chide Mahatma Gandhi. After this, he kept himself detached from the non-violence and non-cooperation movement and along with his comrades, continued with his revolutionary activities. Although his political importance was lowered, he still kept publishing his views and ideas of having a Federal Nation until his death in the year 1932.

Chandra Pal was aptly named as Mightiest Prophet of Nationalism by Aurobindo for his views and thoughts about having a better nation and he was keener to make India a Federal Nation. He was a Nationalist and a social-reformer who tried making India not only free from the evils of British rule but also from the social evils that existed in our society. He deserved to be remembered and respected by every Indian for his work towards making India a free from the colonial rule as well as from some long persisting myths and social stigmas.

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